Consell Insular d'Eivissa Government EIVISSA Balears, Illes

Edible landscapes

"The kitchen of a country is its landscape put in the dish"
This was expressed by the writer Josep Pla, making clear the close relationship between cuisine, man and landscape. In Ibiza, since ancient times, man has provided products offered by nature, fishing at sea, hunting or collecting in the forest. With the arrival of agriculture, he was able to cultivate to ensure support and thus create the agricultural landscapes of Ibiza, where he dominates the dry land and, where there could be fresh water, he made lush gardens . The traditional cuisine of Ibiza is diverse for the diversity of products it obtains from the landscapes, and it is diverse for the people who created it. There is a kitchen of the sea, the fishermen, and an interior kitchen, of the peasants. But the small size of the island facilitated the exchange of products, so that fishermen, exchanging their catches for products from the garden, created the most excellent dishes of fish cuisine, and farmers, Many of them also fishermen, fused flavors creating their version of the sea and mountains.

 

The vegetable garden

Although the climate of the Pitiusas is the driest and warmest of the Balearic Islands, there were numerous surface aquifers in Eivissa that nourished the River of Santa Eulària and other torrents and fountains. The flat areas of Vila, Sant Jordi and Sant Antoni had the phreatic level a few meters deep and by means of whaterweels, or windmills and engines later, allowed to irrigate the most fertile zones of the island. The horticulture was especially intense on the banks of the River of Santa Eulària and the plain of Vila, where the farmers of the Parish of Jesus, were called Hortolans. The land did not rest and crops were followed throughout the year.

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The dry land

The dry land is the most widespread agricultural landscape on the island of Ibiza. It consists of a polyculture almond trees and carob trees, mainly along with olive trees and fig trees and vineyards bordering the fields. Trees and fodder were sown among the trees. The plain area of Corona constitutes an environment where almond is the protagonist, once jointly wiht the fig tree, of shorter life.

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The forest and the scrubland

Ibiza, the pine island. The white pine, Pinus halepensis , the same that is found on the other side of the Mediterranean, is the dominant tree in Ibiza adapted to its warm and dry climate. Source of energy and forest products, is the habitat where the mushroms ( Lactarius sanguifluus ) are found. In addition to the margins of the forest, the traditional old beehives were located looking for protection and a food supply. In the scrubland, where the forest was less thick, we will find the most important aromatic and medicinal plants for the Ibizan: the thyme, the rosemary or the juniper.



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The sea

In a small island like Ibiza, the Mediterranean Sea is omnipresent. Ibiza is in a confluence of currents that has been the site of the migration of large fish such as tuna. The wealth of its funds has already been used on a large scale by Phoenicians and Romans to export salts or obtain purple from the horns (Murex). The sea, the great pantry of the Ibizan people, from the humble "gerret", to the delicate lobster, is a source of basic ingredients for Ibizan cuisine.

The immense sea welcomes different ecosystems of great wealth

Near the surface, no more than 40 meters deep, there are the meadows of Posidonia, not an alga, endemic to the Mediterranean. Of great ecological value. They grow on sandy sea beds that they fix with their roots. True marine forests, release large amounts of oxygen that keep the waters clear. In addition, the shells of the small organisms that develop in them generate the white sand that covers the beaches. Its grasslands host a rich and diverse population of fish and other organisms. And moreover, the Posidonia meadows located between Ibiza and Formentera are recognized as a World Heritage Site by Unesco.

The rocky and steep areas of the coasts and the islets also form an ecosystem of great value, with species adapted to it: it is the kingdom of the grasshoppers, the moras, amphoras and rots.

And further on, the seabed between 150 and 600, between the darkness is the habitat of valuable species such as red prawn or squid.

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