In a small island like Ibiza, the Mediterranean Sea is omnipresent. Ibiza is in a confluence of currents that has been the site of the migration of large fish such as tuna. The wealth of its funds has already been used on a large scale by Phoenicians and Romans to export salts or obtain purple from the horns (Murex). The sea, the great pantry of the Ibizan people, from the humble "gerret", to the delicate lobster, is a source of basic ingredients for Ibizan cuisine.
The immense sea welcomes different ecosystems of great wealth
Near the surface, no more than 40 meters deep, there are the meadows of Posidonia, not an alga, endemic to the Mediterranean. Of great ecological value. They grow on sandy sea beds that they fix with their roots. True marine forests, release large amounts of oxygen that keep the waters clear. In addition, the shells of the small organisms that develop in them generate the white sand that covers the beaches. Its grasslands host a rich and diverse population of fish and other organisms. And moreover, the Posidonia meadows located between Ibiza and Formentera are recognized as a World Heritage Site by Unesco.
The rocky and steep areas of the coasts and the islets also form an ecosystem of great value, with species adapted to it: it is the kingdom of the grasshoppers, the moras, amphoras and rots.
And further on, the seabed between 150 and 600, between the darkness is the habitat of valuable species such as red prawn or squid.